September 17, 2015 7:28 PM / 1 Comment on Oracle XE on Windows : Runaway Trace Files
Here’s a real life situation: You’ve got a sandbox database on a laptop which is used for various other purposes unrelated to Oracle. For several months at a time, in between uses, you shut it down to keep your Windows environment uncluttered. One day, while looking into frequent blue death screens, forced Windows reboots, and involuntary chkdsks, you notice that only 9% remains free on your disk which seems off to you by nearly an order of magnitude. After scanning for huge files, you discover the Oracle trace directory to be the chief culprit, occupying about 100GB! From the date stamps you see that huge amounts of trace are being written all the time, even when you’re not using Oracle and think it’s down. What gives? Continue…
nearly full disk
June 18, 2015 2:07 PM / 3 Comments on What is SQL-Injection?
I wasn’t especially surprised to read not long ago that Russian hackers had succeeded in stealing an estimated 1.2 billion login/password credentials for online websites. It seems to have become accepted that internet security is hopelessly more porous than originally envisioned, and that more large-scale breaches involving well known companies exist than are publicized. What piqued my curiosity, however, was a press report that the chief technique used for this record-shattering theft was SQL Injection: a technique which I had supposed to be long ago defeated. Continue…
Warning: Toxic SQL!
GGPLOT2 is a package developed for producing graphics within the R statistical tool. It utilizes a layering metaphor for gradually adding visual details to the desired output. R can support datasets with millions of rows for various aggregation and analysis operations, but it can be slow, unwieldy to code in, and has memory limitations.
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May 2, 2015 8:41 PM / Leave a comment
April 23, 2015 11:24 AM / Leave a comment
Suppose some quixotic HR evangelist fresh off a stint of social aid work in Malawi is pushing the bombastically non-Libertarian idea of normalizing compensation patterns within departments as follows: employees who have high tenure seniority contrasted with low salary ‘seniority’ will receive pay adjustments. This is the sort of question that can be explored with Oracle’s analytic SQL functions. Continue…
Often the need arises to locate and remove duplicated rows, or partially duplicated rows from a table. Queries using the DISTINCT keyword (or it’s synonym UNIQUE) will retrieve and display rows without duplicates. But actually identifying and then removing the unwanted duplicates within a table represents a different level of work, and is also likely … Continue reading →
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March 26, 2015 5:19 PM / Leave a comment
March 4, 2015 4:01 PM / Leave a comment
The premise is as follows: You’ve got useful data lying in an Excel or Google spreadsheet which you’d like translated into relational table(s). This is likely going to involve normalizing the denormalized spreadsheet data on the way into the database; you are going to end up with (and want) more rows in your table than the corresponding quantity within the spreadsheet. The SQL tool for this is the UNPIVOT keyword. Continue…
February 18, 2015 10:23 AM / 1 Comment on Set Operators in SQL
Relational database design has strong roots within Set Theory, as can be seen in the seminal work of E.F. Codd more than 40 years ago. Most people recall encountering Venn diagrams during their school days, a pictorial excursion into this realm. Codd codified his relational ideals into a series of well-known rules, which represent an extreme case, not taking account of the often necessary pragmatic or performance reasons for selective denormalization. But his principles are still instructive and serve as a starting point for designing business schemas. Continue…
E.F. ‘Ted’ Codd
January 11, 2015 11:19 AM / 2 Comments on More About PIVOT Queries
An earlier post introduced the PIVOT feature in Oracle’s 11g2 SQL, and described the motivation for pivoting. This one explores a few more complex ways to use pivot queries. We’ll look at:
complex pivot query with both multiple aggregate functions and multiple pivot columns
• Multiple Pivot Columns
• Multiple Aggregate Functions
within the same SQL statement and we’ll see a few errors which commonly arise when building more complex pivot queries like these. Finally, we’ll consider: why would one have a need to UNPIVOT? Continue…
November 6, 2014 6:54 PM / Leave a comment
In this post, I aim to depict some practical utilizations of assorted Oracle string functions as an antidote to bland, often pointless examples given in SQL documentation. Security and reliable user authentication is ever in the news these days, and many studies confirm that most users continue to choose facile and predictable userids and/or passwords. This article summarizes recent user habits and hacker trends regarding passwords with some basic recommendations, while these two illustrate some of the most common (thus insecure) passwords. Continue…
September 3, 2014 10:34 AM / Leave a comment
Back around the era of Oracle 6 or 7, I had an intuition that a certain type of query could be written within the limits of SQL*Plus syntax, but wasn’t quite clear as to how. I was doing some ad-hoc DBA work for a development database once a week or so, and wished to get a handle on who was doing what how frequently in terms of object creation. I envisioned a tabular matrix tallying kinds of objects by user with the aim of watching the changes over time. After doing some legwork exploring the sys.obj$ table and hitting upon using DECODE to trap specific object/user pairs into desired columns, I came up with this: Continue…